Exploring and applying signaling compounds: the oldest colloquies of the world executed in new synthetic systems.
A number of instruments for the design of synthetic cells are already available: synthetic units can be constructed, introduced into cells and analysed. The challenge is to integrate these units into cells without interfering with essential cellular processes. For example, the project synthetic stress resistance concentrates on the adaptation of microorganisms to high-osmolar environments. Further projects are focusing on cell division processes, also in order to import customized synthetic chromosomes and tailored organells into cells.